Top 10 Most Populous Countries in the World

Put together, these ten countries make up around 57%, meaning more than half, of the world’s entire human population. What are the most populous countries in the world? Read on and find out!

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The 10 most populous countries in the world

(As of January 2020)

1. CHINA
1.43 billion people
2. INDIA
1.35 billion people
3. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
328.2 million people
4. INDONESIA
267.7 million people
5. PAKISTAN
212.7 million people
6. BRAZIL
210.1 million people
7. NIGERIA
204.6 million people
8. BANGLADESH
161.4 million people
9. RUSSIA
146.8 million people
10. MEXICO
126.6 million people

1. China

File:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg

Population: 1.43 billion (18.3% of the world’s population)

With a population of around 1.43 billion people, China currently still is the single most populous country on Earth. China actually has been the most populous country on the planet for a while now. At the same time, however, China’s birth rates and therefore population has been on the decline for the last few decades which could mean a drop from the number 1 position in the not too distant future. As of right now however, 18.3% of all humans, which means every 5th to 6th human, lives in the People’s Republic of China, more than in any other country.

2. India

Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes.

Population: 1.35 billion (17.3% of the world’s population)

For now, India represents the second most populous country on Earth with its 1.35 billion people. This could change quite quickly however. If you compare India’s birth rate to China’s, it seems only a matter of time until India will take over China as the world’s new no.1 in terms of population size. 17.3% of all humans currently live in India.

3. United States of America

File:Flag of the United States.svg

Population: 328.2 million (4.2% of the world’s population)

Following the top two countries at quite some distance, comes the USA. With its now around 328 million people, the United States has experienced a big population explosion over the last few decades. While birth rates have actually been declining in the United States, immigration played the biggest factor in driving up the population number ind the US. Around 4.2% of humanity now lives in the United States of America.

4. Indonesia

Flag of Indonesia

Population: 267.7 million (3.5% of the world’s population)

With a bit over 268 million people, Indonesia follows on 4th place. The Southeast Asian country, which consists of several islands, has experienced a rapid growth in population during the last half century. This number is also expected to grow even further. As of now, 3.5% of the world’s total human population lives in Indonesia.

5. Pakistan

Bildergebnis für pakistan flag

Population: 212.7 million (2.7% of the world’s population)

Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world, having recently overtaken Brazil in terms of population. The South Asian country has a population of around 213 million people which means around 2.7% of the human population are living in Pakistan.

6. Brazil

Flag of Brazil

Population: 210.1 million (2.7% of the world’s population)

Brazil is more than just Rio de Janeiro. In fact, Rio isn’t even the largest city in the country. In total, Brazil currently has a population of around 210 million people and by that is the 5th most populous country in the world. Due to declining birth rates in the largest South American country this could change in the near future, but as of now around 2.7% of all humans do still live in the country of Samba.

7. Nigeria

Flag of Nigeria

Population: 204.6 million (2.6% of the world’s population)

Having recently crossed the 200 million mark, Nigeria is now the seventh most populous country on Earth. The Western Africa country has experienced an extreme explosion of its population ever since becoming independent from the United Kingdom in 1960. Around 2.6% of all humans now live in Nigeria.

8. Bangladesh

Flag of Bangladesh

Population: 161.4 million (2.1% of the world’s population)

Alongside India and Pakistan, Bangladesh is the next South Asian country that belongs to the Top 10 most populous countries in the world. Bangladesh now has a population of around 161, representing around 2.1% of the world’s population.

9. Russia

Flag of Russia

Population 146.8 million (1.8% of the world’s population)

The world’s biggest country by size is also the world’s ninth largest country by population. Russia has a population of around 147 million. 77% of that population lives in Russia’s much smaller European part. In total, Russia is home to around 1.8% of the world’s population.

10. Mexico

Flag of Mexico

Population: 126.6 million (1.6% of the world’s population)

Mexico completes the Top 10 of the most populous countries in the world. The North American country has a population of around 127 million. This means that roughly 1.6% of all humans currently live in Mexico.

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